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What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a common chronic skin condition that affects mainly the face.

The exact cause of Rosacea is unknown. It is characterized by redness, visible blood vessels, and sometimes pimple-like bumps. It may also lead to a thickening of the skin, especially around the nose.

The symptoms can flare up for a period of weeks to months and then diminish for a time.

Types of Rosacea:

  1. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
  2. Papulopustular rosacea: Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.
  3. Phymatous rosacea: Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture.
  4. Ocular rosacea: Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and the person may have what looks like a sty.

What factors that can trigger or worsen rosacea?

There are many factors that can trigger or worsen rosacea by increasing blood flow to the surface of the skin. Some of these include:

  • Hot drinks and spicy foods
  • Red wine and other alcoholic beverages
  • Temperature extremes
  • Sunlight or wind
  • Emotions
  • Exercise
  • Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications
  • Various cosmetic products

Is there a cure for Rosacea? What treatments are available?

While there’s no cure for rosacea, treatments can control and reduce the signs and symptoms.

Here are some available treatments:

  1. Medications: Doctors tend to prescribe drugs that reduce redness and the appearance of swollen blood vessels. For papulopustular rosacea, doctors might prescribe topical antibiotics such as metronidazole or azelaic acid.
  2. oral antibiotics.
  3. For severe cases that don’t respond to other therapies Isotretinoin usually used for treating acne might be suggested.
  4. Therapies: Laser therapy can help reduce redness in blood vessels and other methods available at the MClinic might be used to address skin problems.
  5. Skincare: It’s essential for people with rosacea to avoid anything that will irritate their skin. Mild skincare products are suggested. Sunscreen is crucial, as sun exposure can cause rosacea to flare.

Lifestyle and home remedies for Rosacea:

  • Avoid known triggers. Keep a diary to help identify what might cause your outbreaks.
  • Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
  • Protect your face during cold weather.
  • Use a gentle cleanser to wash your face.

It’s essential to see a Doctor if you suspect you have rosacea, as treatments can be quite effective in reducing symptoms and improving appearance.
If untreated, symptoms may worsen over time.


Dr Margaret Grabicka

Dr Margaret Grabicka

General Medicine and Aesthetic Medicine Doctor with expert experience in anti-ageing procedures, dermal fillers, anti-wrinkle injections, i.v infusions, lifting threads and body contouring treatments.

M Clinic London